UPSR and PMR, Abolished?

by BerryBerryTeacher

in Berry Announcement

Will Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) be the only compulsory national examination under the Malaysian national school system? There are discussions about it and Berry Berry Easy would like to bring to attention this news on June 20th, 2010 to all our Berry Readers.

Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) and Penilaian Menengah Rendah (PMR), Abolished?

The news in snippets:


  • Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin (which is also Malaysia’s present Deputy Prime Minister) has announce the possible abolishment of the PMR and UPSR examinations.
  • UPSR is the compulsory school leaving national examination for Standard 6 students in Malaysia.
  • PMR is the compulsory examination taken during Form 3 to gauge a student’s level before checking their suitability for art/science stream.
  • If the two are abolished, this will leave SPM as the only compulsory national-level examination for school going children in Malaysia.
  • STPM is not considered compulsory as not all student undergo Form 6.

Reasons given:

  • It is said that the current system is seen as too examination oriented and failed to provide a holistic education. (So removal of UPSR and PMR will reduce the examination element of the whole system)
  • It is also possible that both the UPSR and PMR be retained but have its nature changed from public examination to school-based assessments.
  • However, no decision will be made yet (or near future) as the public would be required to give feedback.
  • It is also said that for employment/job seeking, only SPM is needed, hence only one public examination will suffice.

Possible benefits of abolishing UPSR and PMR:

  • It is said that with only SPM as the sole public examination, teachers and students can care less for exams and focus on improving creativity, interactivity, sports and co-curricular activities.

Opinions so far:

  • Jais Abdul Karim (President of the Federation of Peninsular Malay Students (GPMS)) believe that the abolishment will strengthen the education system and produce students who are more focused. Also mentioned tha the current system is too exam-oriented which stresses out students. This caused students to study blindly in order to pass exams without truly understand the use of it in the future. However, he said that a new method or mechanism would need to be formulated to gauge the achievement of students in event this proposal is followed through.
  • Hashim Adnan (President of the National Union of the Teaching Profession (NUTP)) said that UPSR should be maintained as it has its relevance. UPSR will serve to motivate primary school students to strive hard in their studies. However, he thinks that PMR could be abolished as the exams do not serve any purpose beyond determination of streams for students entering Form 4.
  • Abdul Karim Abdullah (the liaison officer for the Malaysia Education Service Ex-Officers Association (PBPPPM) said that the abolishment is appropriate to allow teachers and students to gain more time to focus on co-curiculum and sports activities.

So what’s your take on this? Aye or nay to the abolishment of the UPSR and PMR examinations?

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