SPM Chemistry 2010 – Extra Tips and Predictions for Paper 4541/3 – Paper 3: Planning of Experiment

by BerryBerryTeacher

in Berry Super Tips *SPM/STPM

In response to a more detail tips (especially to a question by Berry Reader, Teri Liew), the Berry Berry Teacher would like to share some tips and answering technique (with example answer) regarding the 17 mark Planning of Experiment question in SPM Chemistry Paper 3.

SPM Chemistry 2010 – Extra Tips and Predictions for Paper4541/3

In previous years, SPM Chemistry Paper 3 (2004-2009) has comprises of 2-3 questions with the last question typically comprise of “Planning of Experiment). Detailed information can be found from the list below:

  • SPM 2003 – 3 questions (No.3 – Hardness of iron and steel or Resistance to rusting of iron and steel)
  • SPM 2004 – 3 questions (No.3 - Carbon Compound: Esters)
  • SPM 2005 – 3 questions (No.3 – Choose one: Alloy or Rate of reaction)
  • SPM 2006 – 2 questions (No.2 – Vulcanised and Unvulcanised rubber)
  • SPM 2007 – 2 questions (No.2 – Electrochemical cell)
  • SPM 2008 – 2 questions (No.2 – Group 1 – Periodic Table)
  • SPM 2009 – 2 questions (No.2 – Salt – pH)
  • SPM 2010 – 2 questions

The last question (planning of experiment) of Paper 3 consists of 17 marks.

Based on the analysis, the questions will be ask within the Form 4 or Form 5 syllabus (Can be recommended PEKA experiments or not PEKA experiments) (It is not only Form 4 as rumoured) The question will comprise of the following part such as:

a)      Statement of the problem (2003, 2005, 2007, 2009)
b)      Aim of experiment (2004, 2006, 2008)
c)      All the variables (2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
d)     Statement of the hypothesis (2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
e)      List of substances and apparatus (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
f)       Procedure of the experiment (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
g)      Tabulation of data (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)

BIT Paper 3 (SPM 2010)

From above analysis, the predicted SPM 2010 last question in Paper 3 is:

a)      Aim of experiment
b)      All the variables
c)      Statement of the hypothesis
d)     List of substances and apparatus
e)      Procedure of the experiment
f)       Tabulation of data

Each section the maximum marks will be 3 marks (3 x 6 = 18 marks). But the marks provided is 17 marks, so this would depend on the marking scheme either 1 mark will be an extra point or one of the part (a) or (f) would be 2 marks.

How to answer the question?

a) Statement of the problem: It always must be a question and ended with question mark. Read the question well and you will find it in the hint in the question. Start your statement of the problem with ‘How does manipulated variable affect responding variable?’ or ‘Does increasing/decreasing manipulated variable increase/decrease the responding variable?’

b) Aim of experiment: It always must be a statement and ended with full stop. Start your aim of experiment with ‘To compare … / To investigate … / To study …

c) All the variables: List out all the variables and separate each variable in the following sequence.

  • Manipulated variable: (axis-x values)
  • Responding variable: (axis-y values)
  • Constant variable:

d) Statement of the hypothesis: It always must be a statement and ended with full stop. ‘The manipulated variable, the higher/lower/increase/decrease responding variable

Important note: Must follow the sequence (always start with manipulated variable and follow by responding variable).

e) List of substances and apparatus: Always separate substance and apparatus even though this is in one section. Must list everything completely to get 3 marks!

Substances: (the same meaning with materials in PEKA experiments)

Important note: Solution: try to give the concentration of the solution (always in the range of 0.1 – 1.0 mol dm-3) and concentrated solution (>1.0 mol dm-3)


  • 0.1 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid
  • 0.5 mol dm-3 of nitric acid
  • 1.0 mol dm-3 copper(II) suphate solution
  • 0.5 mol dm-3 NaOH, zinc powder …

Apparatus: try to list as complete as possible (everything that can be reused in the experiment)


  • Stop watch
  • measuring cylinder
  • beaker
  • retort stand
  • conical flask
  • filter funnel
  • trough
  • forceps
  • tongs …

f) Procedure of the experiment: This is the hardest part to get full marks (3 marks). You need to write the procedure as complete as possible which means all steps are to be written in detail. Berry Teacher would recommend the sentence should be written in passive form sentence (same in PEKA) and it can be present or past tense (no penalty). And try to uniform it. From the previous SPM Paper 3 record, there is no penalty if you write in active form sentence but not in PEKA report!

g) Tabulation of data: This is the easiest part to get one mark, as long as you draw a table (empty table / box), you will be given at least one mark. Remember to write unit in the manipulated variable column and responding variable column!

So there you go, all you need to know about the last question “Planning of an Experiment” for SPM Chemistry 2010 Paper 3. Do share this important tips/answering technique with all your friends.

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