Malaysian Education System – Types of Schools/Education System in Malaysia 2012 (Part 3)

by BerryBerryTeacher

in Berry Life Guide (Decisions)

Education system and school types in Malaysia. Have any readers ever wondered about the various types of schools in Malaysia? Surely you’ll know your Sekolah Kebangsaans and Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaans, but do you know of the rest? Berry Berry Easy would like to shed some light on the various schools in the portfolio of the Malaysian School System or Education System. This is Part 3 in the series.

Types of Education in Malaysia (Part 3)


  1. Sekolah Berprestasi Tinggi
  2. Sekolah Imtiaz Simbol Kecermelangan Akademik
  3. 10 Dipilih Rangkaian Sekolah Amanah Yayasan Amir
  4. Sekolah Amanah
  5. Sekolah Bestari
  6. KSSR Terap 1Malaysia
  7. Program Transisi Prasekolah Ke Tahun Satu
  8. Sekolah Pendidikan Khas
  9. Sekolah Wawasan
  10. Profesion Perguruan
  11. Pra Sekolah
  12. Sekolah Pendidikan Agama (SMKA)
  13. Kategori Institut Pendidikan Swasta
  14. Sekolah Pendidikan Vokasional
  15. Senarai Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) Di Malaysia
  16. Maktab Rendah Sains MARA (MRSM)

In this part (Part 3), Berry Berry Easy will focus on Type 11-16 on the list.

11) Pra Sekolah

Preschools to provide learning experiences to kids aged 4-6 to nurture their potential in the all growth aspects, mastering basic skills and develop a positive attitude to enter primary school.

Criteria for the selection of students:

  • Malaysians
  • Aged 5 and 5+
  • Each class having 25 pupils
  • Selection priority is based on the earning and responsibilities of parents/guardian

For more information:

12) Sekolah Pendidikan Agama (SMKA)

The Religious Based Schools (SMKA) has objectives to:

  • Achieve excellence in curriculum and co-curriculum
  • Nurture students who behave admirably
  • Shape a generation of exemplary leaders
  • Nurture students who have inner strength to face cultural challenges which are against Islamic values
  • Prepare students who would be able to contribute to the nation and ummah

Among specialties are:

  • Attempts to practice the Islamic lifestyle
  • Many opportunities to further education
  • Master Arabic, Jawi and Al-Quran knowledge
  • Potential to be manpower that understands Islam
  • Be someone who is reponsible

For more information:

13) Kategori Institut Pendidikan Swasta (IPS)

The Private Education Institutions (IPS) in Malaysia comprise of any institutes from pre-school all the way to higher education level. The operation of a private education institutions are funded by the private sector. Nonetheless, the process of formation, registration, administration and operation of an IPS must comply with the Education Act 1996 (Akta Pendidikan 1996).

Among private institutions that would require registration with the Ministry of Education, include:

  • Private Kindergartens which follow the “Kurikulum Kebangsaan Prasekolah Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia
  • Private Primary and Secondary Schools which follow the  Kurikulum Kebangsaan (National Curriculum) and its proposed assessments.
  • Private Religion Primary and Secondary Schools which follows the Malaysia National Curriculum
  • Private Chinese Schools which follows the guidelines of MOE
  • Expatriate Schools
  • International Schools
  • Tuition Centres
  • Language Centres, Computer Training Centres, Skills/Commerce Learning Centre, Schools by post and others

For more information:

14) Sekolah Pendidikan Vokasional

It is a post-PMR two-year course. Among offered fields are:

(i) Engineering Skills (Bidang Ketukangan Kejuruteraan)

  • Elektrik
  • Elektronik
  • Amalan Bengkel Mesin
  • Kimpalan dan Fabrikasi Logam
  • Automatif
  • Binaan Bangunan
  • Penyejukan dan Penyamanan Udara

(ii) Home Economics (Bidang Ekonomi Rumahtangga)

  • Katering dan Penyediaan Makanan
  • Rekaan Fesyen dan Membuat Pakaian Seni Kecantikan
  • Asuhan Kanak-Kanak
  • Bakeri dan Konfeksioneri

(iii) Trading and Commerce (Bidang Perdagangan)

  • Pengurusan Perniagaan

(iv) Agriculture (Bidang Pertanian)

  • Hortikultur Hiasan

(v) Farm Machinery (Kejenteraan Ladang)

  • Pengurusan Ladang

For more information:

15) Senarai Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) Di Malaysia

The Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) are basically the public universities. There are quite a number of public universities in Malaysia. A quick search about public universities in Malaysia using the search box on this site will bring you to a list of public universities in Malaysia.

For more information:

16) Maktab Rendah Sains MARA (MRSM)

Maktab Rendah Sains MARA or also known as MRSM is an education system by Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA) which is Science and Technology based to encourage and guide students to play an active role in building Malaysia’s economy. It started first with:

  • MRSM Seremban (now known as Kolej MARA Seremban)
  • MRSM Kota Bharu
  • MRSM Kuala Terengganu
  • MRSM Kulim (now known as Kolej MARA Kulim)

which has since expanded to 32 MRSMs in the whole of Malaysia.

The rest are:

  • MRSM Beseri
  • MRSM Langkawi
  • MRSM Pendang
  • MRSM Balik Pulau
  • MRSM Transkrian
  • MRSM Gerik
  • MRSM Lenggong
  • MRSM Taiping,
  • MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu
  • MRSM Pasir Salak
  • MRSM Kuala Klawang
  • MRSM Serting
  • MRSM Jasin
  • MRSM Terendak
  • MRSM Jeli
  • MRSM Kuala Krai
  • MRSM Pasir Tumboh
  • MRSM Pengkala Chepa
  • MRSM Kota Putra
  • MRSM Kuala Berang
  • MRSM Kuantan
  • MRSM Muadzam Shah
  • MRSM Kuala Lipis
  • MRSM Mersing
  • MRSM Batu Pahat
  • MRSM Pontian
  • MRSM Muar
  • MRSM YT Besut
  • MRSM Kota Kinabalu
  • MRSM Kuching

Entry requirements to MRSM:

For Prospective Form 1 students:

  • Held Malaysian citizenship for at least 6 years
  • Bumiputera or non-bumiputera who have studied in Sekolah Kebangsaan (SK) or Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan (SRK)
  • Obtained 5As in the Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) for Peninsular Malaysians
  • Obtained at least 3As 2Bs (with As in Mathematics and Science)  in the Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) for Sabahans and Sarawakians
  • Active in co-curriculum, sports and showed leadership capabilities

For Prospective Form 4 students:

  • Bumiputera Form 3 students in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah or Sarawak; or non-bumiputera Form 3 students in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan in Peninsular Malaysia
  • Obtained at least 6As 2Bs  (with As in Mathematics and Science) and no C, D or E grades in core subjects for the PMR examinations
  • Obtained high scores in the Ujian Kecenderungan ke MRSM (UKKM)

This marks the end of this series. Do also read the previous posts from Berry Berry Easy.

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